255 Fruit Varieties at ‘Gundungurra’ Bundanoon

Young lemon Meyer with ant guard, mint & fennel

This is a list of the fruit, nut and berry varieties we are currently growing organically on our 20 permacultural acres at ‘Gundungurra’ in Bundanoon in the southern highlands of NSW, Australia. We are at about 660 m on shale-derived soils and get around 1200 mm average rainfall (before climate chaos). The 120 heritage apple varieties were listed in a separate post last September.

PEARS & NASHI (25 varieties)

Very Early (end Jan/Feb)

Baby Face (sm fruit)
San Giovanni (syn St John, Sth Italian, known since 1660, v small fruit, prolific, CP Corella/Lemon Bergamot)
Flordahome (v low chill 160-260 hrs, Hood xTenn Florida, grafted on J de Maline/Winter Nelis)

Early (Mid Feb)

Clapp’s Favorite (fr Mt Kembla, grafted on WBC & rootstock; US 1860 Flemish Beauty x WBC, ex, early bearer, mid-end Feb, cp Packhams)
Williams’ Bon Chrétien (syn. Bartlett, early, mid-Jan, England c. 1770)
Sensation (syn Red Sensation/Mock’s Red Williams, WBC sport, Vic early 1930s, fr Mt Kembla, grafted on WBC/J de Maline)

Mid (end Feb-mid March)

Packham’s Triumph (one month after WBC, lower chilling hours, Molong NSW c. 1900)
Conference (Engl 1894, excellent, harvest mid-end March, needs fertile soils, good poll, early bearing, fruit drops at maturity, cp JdeM/Packhams)
Beurre Hardy (syn Gellerts Butterbirne, France 1838, excellent, harvest mid-end March, good poll, late bearing)
Nashi Nijiseiki (syn. Twentieth Century/Er Shi Shinge, mid, 1898)
Nashi Chojuro (mid, c. 1895)

Late (end March-April)

Beurré Bosc (late, Belgium c. 1807, also good cooking pear, cp WBC)
Anjou (Belgium 1819, very good, harvest end March- mid April, scab prone, late bearing, cp WBC)
Twyford Monarch (large russet fruit, excellent quality, good bearer, autumn)
‘Cliffer’s Hybrid’, perhaps Kiefer’s Seedling? (fr Mt Kembla, grafted on W. Cole & rootstock, hardy, coarse, USA 1863, low chill, more suited for cooking/canning, harvest April)
Lemon Bergamot (possibly Bergamotte de la Pentecote syn Winter Dechantsbirne, Belgium 1825?, grown in SA, cp JdeM/Conference/San Giovanni)
‘Bergamot’ (probably ‘Lemon Bergamot’? fr Mt Kembla, grafted on Packham’s)
Paradise (fr Mt Kembla, gr on Winter Nelis/Winter Cole; syn Virgouleuse old French var, May )
Joséphine de Malines (1830, best of late pears, pick late as possible, end May, eat August, cp WBC)
Doyenné du Comice (late, Angers/France c. 1849, ‘finest pear of all’, easily bruised, cp BB/WBC/Anjou)
Winter Cole (Vic 1884, seedl of W Nelis, late, heavy bearer, needs thinning, cp WBC)
Glou Morceau (syn Beurre d’Hardenpont d’Hiver etc, Belgium 1759, excellent, early bearer, scab prone, harvest June)
Uverdale’s St Germain (very old pear of uncertain origin, perhaps Roman times, perhaps syn St Germain, large fruit, good cooker and keeper, harvest July)
Winter Nélis (syn. Bon de Malines/Honey Pear, very late, Belgium, early 1800s, cp Packham’s)
Corella (very late, from Barossa Valley, perhaps fr old German variety Forellenbirne 1806, sm fruit, ex)

PLUMS, PRUNES & GAGES (17 varieties)

President (late, England c. 1894, medium cropper, stores well, CP Grand Duke, Angelina))
Grand Duke (late, good bearer, good pollinator, CP President, Angelina)
Angelina Burdett (mid, heavy bearer, popular commercial plum for over 200 years)
King Billy (good pollinator of Angelina)
Black Diamond (also good for canning)
Damson (mid, tart, for cooking/jam, brought to Italy from Damascus at least 100 BCE!)
Sugar Plum/Prune (early, heavy bearing, dessert/drying, self-fertile, California c. 1899, CP Green Gage, Prune d’Agen)
Jap Plum Friar (mid, leave coloured up to 3 weeks on tree, long shelf life, CP Santa Rosa)
Jap Plum Santa Rosa (early, keeps well, California 1907 from P. salicina x P. simony x P. americana, self-fertile)
Jap Plum Mariposa (mid, reliable cropper, quite low chill, CP Santa Rosa)
Jap Plum Donsworth (early, reliable cropper, CP Santa Rosa)
Prune d’Agen (syn. French Petit, dessert/drying, brought to France from Turkey/Persia during Crusades! late, good pollinator)
Robe de Sargeant Prune
Green Gage (syn. Reine Claude, Mid, best flavour, c. 1699, CP Coe’s Golden Drop, Grand Duke, Prune d’Agen)
Cole’s Golden Gage (mid, 1843, CP Green Gage, President, Prune d’Agen, Coe’s Golden Drop)
Coe’s Golden Drop (late, ‘COP or Doyenné du Comice of the plum world’, Suffolk c. 1809, CP Green Gage/Prune d’Agen/Cole’s/President)
Cherry plum seedlings (syn Myrobalan, P. cerasifera, one of parents of modern plum P. domestica, earliest ripening stone fruit, some not too bad raw, cooked/dried & mixed as meal with wheat/barley flour in Caucasus)

CHERRIES (7 varieties)

Bing (mid-late, Milwaukee Oregon 1875, very few fruit here, split prone, does do well in warm climates)
Stella (self-fertile, good pollinator, reliable cropper, resists cracking, Lambert is one parent)
Lapin (reliable cropper)
Sunburst (grafted on Morello)
Morello Sour Cherry (syn. English Morello, cooking, very old cultivar of unknown origin, good cropper)
Kentish Sour Cherry (amarelle)

PEACHES (7 varieties)

Anzac (early, medium chill, quality varies year to year, needs thinning)
Coronet (mid, medium chill 700 hrs, excellent, no of picks, does not store)
Fragar (late, medium chill, excellent, chance seedling from Bathurst)
JH Hale (late, high chill, excellent, needs pollinator like Fragar, weak tree)
Elberta (late, high chill, v old variety once US standard, also good dryer)
O’Henry (very late, medium chill?, excellent, variable crops/colour in cool areas)
Peach seedlings

OTHER FRUIT (c. 47 spp/varieties)

Amelanchier alnifolia (The Saskatoon, syn Western Shad Bush/Mt June Berry/Service Berry, NW Canada/US, large shrub, from Tasmanian nursery)
Amelanchier canadensis (June Berry syn Service Berry/Shad Berry/Shad Blow, E and Central Canada, small tree, from Tasmanian nursery)
Apricot Divinity (syn Improved Newcastle, best early season, becomes earlier as matures, needs thinning)
Apricot Trevatt (mid, excellent when properly ripe, main commercial variety, good for drying too)
Apricot Moorpark (England c. 1760 perhaps from Holland, ex if allowed to ripen)
Apricot Hunter (SA, late, a bit dry, excellent for drying, regular heavy cropper)
Apricot seedling (biennial, prolific, v good quality, large tree)
Nectarine seedling
Fig Brown Turkey
Fig Black Genoa
Fig White Adriatic
Unknown fig varieties (only need 300 chill hrs, hardy, adaptable to most soils, drops fruit if soil too dry)
White Shahtoot Mulberry (Morus macroura, weeping habit, very hardy to cold/heat/drought, most soils)
White Mulberry (Morus alba, leaves silk worm fodder, once dried into flour)
Mulberry Hick’s Fancy (Aus variety suited to cold areas, small fruit, whippy growth habit)
Quince Champion (mid, only slightly astringent, keeps well)
Quince Smyrna (from Smyrna now Izmir/Turkey via California in 1897)
Chinese Quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis, use like quince, v aromatic large fruit, med for colds, sore throat, asthma, TB in Korea, beverage made mixed with ginger)
Chinese Jujube/Date (Zyzyphus jujubus, slow growing, not fruiting yet, only one)
Persimmon Fuyu (syn. Fuyugaki, non-astringent, bears from year three, mid-May, keeps well)
Persimmon Dai Dai Maru (astringent, attractive large tree, may be useful as pollinator)
Persimmon Nightingale (astringent)
Pomegranate Wonderful
Pomegranate Elcite (P. granatum flavor, Spanish, yellow skinned fruit)
Orange Washington Navel
Lemon Meyer (found near Beijing 1908, lemon-orange hybrid, sweeter than other lemons, frost-tol)
Tahitian Lime
Kaffir Lime
Bush/Rough lemons (citronelles)
Kumquat ‘Nagami’ (Fortunella sp.)
Calamondin (‘Australian Kumquat’, Chinese origin, Citrus mitis, perhaps hybrid sour mandarin/kumquat)
Feijoa (Pineapple Guava)
Loquat seedlings
Tamarillo seedling (Cyphomandra betacea, syn Tree Tomato)
Isabella Grape
Chardonnay Grape
White Muscat ‘Gordo’ Grape
Cardinal Grape
Hayward Kiwi (summer prune out old laterals after 3 crops, cut selected laterals 3 buds beyond fruit)
Hardy Kiwi (syn Tara Figs, Actinidia arguta, E Siberia/Manchuria/Korea/Japan, harvest March-April, summer prune, cp male kiwi)
Luma (Myrtus luma, syn M. apiculata)
Ugni/Chilean Guava/Murtilla (Ugni molinae syn Myrtus ugni)
Strawberry Guava (syn Cherry/Cattley Guava, Psidium littorale var. longipes, has never fruited)
Guava (Psidium guajava, in greenhouse)
Rose Hips (Dog Rose, Rosa canina, ‘weed’)
Garden Huckleberry (aka Black Nightshade, Solanum nigrum, ‘weed’)
Cape Gooseberries (Physalis peruviana, syn Husk Cherry/Poha Berry/Physalis)

BERRIES (c. 16 varieties)

Red Currant
Gooseberry ‘Roaring Lion’
Blueberry ‘Sunburst’
Blueberry ‘Northland’
Blueberry ‘Blue Rose’
Blueberry ‘Misty’
Raspberry Nootka (S)
Raspberry Chilcotin (N)
Raspberry Heritage (E)
Yellow Raspberry
Marionberry (?)
Blackberry (wild)
Jostaberry (Ribes rubrum x uva-crispa)
Goji Berry (Lycium barbarum)

NUTS (17 varieties)

Almond IXL (CP Johnson’s Prolific, quite good quality)
Almond Johnson’s Prolific (pollinator, only fair flavour, tends to biennial bearing)
Almond All-In-One (self-fertile, smaller tree, heavy bearer)
Chestnut April Gold (earliest, mid-March to April)
Chestnut Marone (syn Moroni?, WA but of Italian origin, excellent quality, fine wood)
Chestnut Emerald Gem (late, Emerald Lake/Dandenongs, almost weeping, prolific)
Chestnut seedlings (from Church Street Bowral)
Walnut Vina (productive, consistent, tolerant of high summer temp)
Walnut Van (? unknown name, from Crowe’s 1996)
Walnut Chandler (high fruitfulness, from Uni of California)
Walnut seedlings (from organic shop nuts and Welby)
Hazelnut Lambert (Red Lambert/Red Avelline/Cosford?)
Hazelnut Wanliss Pride (CP Cosford, heavy bearer, tasty fresh but dries quickly losing taste)
Hazelnut Cosford Cob (syn. Coxford, Brownfield Cosford, Miss Young’s, reliable, abundant pollen)
Hazelnut Red Avelline (syn. Avelline Rouge, Red Lambert, Webb’s Prize Redskin, Fructu Rubie, good pollinator, heavy yielding, CP Barcelona)
Hazelnut Barcelona (syn. Avelline de Provence, Fertile de Coutard, Castanyera, leading cultivar for 60 years, susceptible to blight, from Gleeson)
Hazelnut Tonda Giffoni (from Gleeson)
Hazelnut Woodnut (from Gleeson)
Pine Nut (Pinus pinea, from south coast nursery)


~ by Peter Lach-Newinsky on November 30, 2011.

7 Responses to “255 Fruit Varieties at ‘Gundungurra’ Bundanoon”

  1. Do you sell apple trees such asCox’s Russet and bramleh

  2. Just wondering if you ever open to show people around or if we would possibly be able to visit?

  3. I am a recent resident of the Southern Highlands at East Bowral and I would like to be able to graft an apple tree to produce fruit that is attractive to humans as the current produce is only edible to parrots. I would like to find someone who can advise me whether the existing tree would be suitable as a base for grafting edible varieties of apple and pears.

    • Hi Ian, and welcome to the southern highlands. All apple trees, old or new, can be re- or top-grafted with new apple varieties. Pears can’t be grafted onto apple tress of course. They can be grafted onto other pear trees, quince trees or hawthorn. Hope that helps.

      • Peter, I would am prepared to remunerate anyone who is versed in grafting apple trees and who can supply some scions for the grafting process. I want to use the existing tree if possible as it is a vigorous plant but produces inedible fruit, possibly a cider apple (?). I would need to have grafts of apples that are compatible with one another.

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