120 Heritage Apple Varieties at ‘Gundungurra’, Bundanoon

120 Heritage Apple Varieties grown at our small farm ‘Gundungurra’, Bundanoon NSW Australia

Most of the apple information below is taken from Clive Winmill’s magnificent self-published brochure Apples Old & New. An Introduction to the Range of Apple Cultivars Available in Australia, 5th edition, 1997. Clive and his wife unfortunately no longer run their heritage apple nursery at Badger’s Keep, Fairbairn Street, Chewton, Victoria. His old phone number was (03) 5472 3338. Other apple and pear information was taken from the impressively voluminous (1360 varieties) German textbook of W. Votteler, Verzeichnis der Apfel- und Birnensorten, Obst- und Gartenbauverlag, München, 4th edition 1998. Other fruit information was taken from the very useful Louis Glowinski, The Complete Book of Fruit Growing in Australia, updated paperback edition 2000. My deep thanks to all three great horticulturalists. As of 2011 there are about 254 varieties of fruit and nuts growing at ‘Gundungurra’.

APPLES (According to Harvest times) 120 varieties

D= dessert apple DP= dual purpose (dessert/cooking) C= cooking apple Cid= cider apple K= keeper

Early (Jan-Feb) (15)

Anna D (Israel, into US 1965, sub-trop/low chilling hours, cp Dorsett Golden)
Beauty of Bath D (Somerset c.1864, quite self-fertile, great taste, harvest at intervals)
Devonshire Quarrenden D (Engl, possibly from France, pre-1678, prone to scab)
Duchess of Oldenburg DP (syn Charlamovsky/Borowitsky/Early Joe, Russia 1850, good looker)
Ein Schemer D (Israel modern, low chill, resistant to scab)
Gravenstein DP/C (syn Tom Harryman, possibly Schleswig-Holstein or Italy pre-1667, triploid, aromatic, strong tree, irreg bearer, pre-fruit fall, pick successively, needs moisture, prone to scab/mildew )
Irish Peach D (syn Early Crofton, Ireland pre-1920, sm fruit, strong tree, good cropper)
Jerseymac D (New Jersey 1970, harvest successively, prone to scab and mildew)
Julyred D (New Jersey 1962, v. prone to mildew, good cropper, better taste than J.mac )
Red Astrachan DP/C (Volga/Russia pre-1816, probably very old, pick and eat just under-ripe)
Tropic Sweet D (very low chill, 2 weeks before Anna, quite self-fertile, sim to Jonathon)
Tydeman’s Early Worcester D (syn Tydeman’s Early, Kent 1945 or 1936, McIntosh x W’ter Pearmain, sensitive to pests/diseases, fertile soils and protected sites, crop often small)
Vista Bella D (New Jersey USA, 1974, good taste, thinning needed, resistant to scab/mildew)
Willy Sharp D (syn Willie Sharp, NZ 1951)
White Transparent DP (syn Klarapfel/Yellow Transparent, Russia or Baltic States before 1850, pick only when light white-yellow coloured and with slight give, fertile soils, hardy to frost and winds)

Second Early (Feb-Mar) (17)

Abas D (Australia c. 1940, fair keeper for early apple)
Alexander C (syn Emperor/Emp Alexander/Princess Alexandra, Ukraine 1700s, large showy, can rot on tree)
Autumn Pearmain DP (syn Summer Pearmain, England since 1500, dry thick skin)
Chenango Strawberry DP (New York USA pre-1854, pick early for cooking)
Discovery D (Essex c. 1949, Beauty of B x W’ter Pearmain, rich in Vit C, fruit tend to split )
Doctor Hogg DP (Sussex 1880)
Dorsett Golden D (Nassau Bahamas 1953, self-f., sub-trop, v low chilling hours)
Emneth (Emmethy?)Early C (syn Early/Frueher Victoria, Cambridgeshire or Germany 1899, quite self-fertile, should be thinned)
Gala D (NZ 1934-1965, great taste, Kidd’s Orange x Gold Del, thin for larger size)
Golden Noble C (Norfolk 1800, one of best cooking apples, high Vit C, v ripe as tangy dessert apple)
James Grieve DP (Edinburgh 1880, quite self-fertile, also cooks well when unripe, fertile moist soils)
Keswick Codlin C (Lancashire 1793, quite self-fertile, very tasty cooker, great bearer, ages quickly, prone to pests)
Lord Nelson C (Australia, early 1900s, large fruit, cooks to puree retaining flavor)
Merton Worcester D (England 1914, named 1947, good tasting early apple, COP x W’ter Pearmain)
Peasgood’s Nonsuch DP (England 1872, also v good cooking/ baking apple, large good looker, v strong hardy tree, fruit prone to windfall)
Prima D (Illinois 1970, resistant to scab & fairly to mildew)
Ribston Pippin D (Yorkshire c 1707, triploid, parent of COP, great taste, strong tree, fertile soils, prone to mildew, needs frequent pruning)

Midseason (Mar-Apr) (42)

Baldwin DP, K (USA c 1740, triploid, good dryer/keeper, early and regular cropper)
Belle de Boskoop DP, K (syn Schoone van Boskoop/Gold Reinette, Holland 1856, triploid)
Berner Rosen(apfel) D (syn Neuer Berner Rosenapfel,Switzerland 1888, early bearing)
Blenheim Orange DP (syn Blenheim Orange Pippin, England c 1740, triploid, 2nd at tastings)
Bonza DP (syn Batlow Bonza, Batlow 1950, from Jonathan, favorite at our tastings, prone to mildew, resistant to scab)
Boswell D (Victoria c 1909, prolific and reliable)
Braeburn Red DP (NZ 1952,maybe seedl of Lady Hamilton, aromatic, needs prune & thinning)
Brittle Sweet D (USA 1867, aromatic)
Canadian Reinette DP, K (syn Reinette (Grosse) du Canada/Rennet/Grosse Goldrenette etc, Engl or France pre 1771, triploid, one the best tasters, sub-acid lemony)
Cornish Gilliflower DP (Cornwall 1800 or pre-1700, strong russeting, keeper)
Cox’s Orange Pippin D (Buckinghamshire 1825, many types, fruit may split, blackspot and pest prone, fertile moist soils, sensitive to K and Mg deficits)
Cox’ Pomona DP (Buckinghamshire c 1825, showy flowers and large fruit, dislikes heavy/wet soils, resistant to pests/diseases)
Crofton D (Tasmania c 1870, distinct from Engl Crofton, rel to Fameuse)
Delicious D (USA 1872)
Dunn’s Seedling DP (syn Monroe’s Favourite, Aus c. 1850, bears well, old country fav, great taste)
Egremont Russet D (probably England 1807 or 1872, a favorite of Peter Cundall’s)
Fameuse D (syn Pomme de Neige/Snow Apple, probably Vermont/Canada pre-1730, seedl close to type, disease- /pest resistant, alternate crops)
Freyberg D (NZ 1934, aromatic large fruit, self-fertile, pest-/disease-resistant, regular cropper)
Fuji D (syn Tohoku 7, Japan 1962, excellent, Red Del x Rall’s Janet, sports readily, sensitive to sunburn and bad soils, alternate crops)
Geeveston Fanny DP (Tasmania pre-1880, heavy cropper)
Golden Reinette DP (syn Reinette d’Oree/Reinette Dore, name applied to over 25 diff cultivars)
Golden Delicious D (West Virginia 1914, not rel to Delicious/Red Delicious)
Hubbardston Nonsuch D (USA pre-1832, vigorous, highly productive)
Idared D (USA 1935, from Jonathan x Wagenerapfel, good poll, prone to mildew)
Improved Foxwhelp Cid (England pre-1920, beautiful, extremely sharp for cider)
Jonathan DP (USA pre-1826)
Jonagold D (New York 1953, Gold Del x Jonathan, triploid)
King Cole DP (Vic c. 1905, once exported, good cooker, good looking)
King of the Pippins D (syn Golden Winter Pearmain,/Prince of the Pippins, probably Engl 1800)
King of Tompkins County D, K (New Jersey pre-1804, vigorous triploid, bears well)
Lord Lambourne D (Berkshire c 1921 or 1907, J Grieve x W’ter Pearmain, great taste)
McIntosh DP (Canada 1811, crop ripens progressively, reliable)
Mother D (syn American Mother, USA 1844)
Opalescent D (Ohio 1899, resembles Twenty Ounce of which it may be sport)
Ortley DP (syn Cleopatra, USA pre-1817, bears well, once exported to Aus as Cleo)
Pine Golden Pippin D (UK pre-1861, russet, pineapple flavor, small-medium fruit)
Prince Alfred D (origin unknown pre-1933, large fruit, sim Alexander but ripens later)
Spartan D (Canada 1926)
Tasman Pride DP (syn Tasman’s Pride/Tasma Pride, Tasmania end 1800s)
Twenty Ounce DP (syn Cayuga Redstreak, Connecticut c 1844, good dryer/cooker, reliable)
Winter Banana D (USA 1890, spurs freely)
Yarlington Mill Cid (Somerset 19th cent, good bearer/ poll, self-fertile, bittersweet, ‘doyenne of cid apples’

Late (Apr-May) (35)

Baumann’s Reinette DP, K (syn Baumann’s Red Winter Reinette,Belg.orAlsace, 1811, strong variation in fruit, prune leaders, scab prone)
Blue Pearmain DP (Probably USA early 1800s, dark bloomed fruit)
Brabant Bellefleur C, K (Flanders late 1700s)
Bramley’s Seedling C K (syn Bramley, Engl c. 1810, cooks creamy/bakes whole, vigorous)
Cornish Aromatic DP, K (Cornwall pre-1700, strong russeting)
Court of Wick D, Cid (Somerset 1790, also used for cider)
Court Pendu Plat D, K (many syns/Wise Apple, Europe pre-1500, may date from Roman times!)
Democrat DP, K (syn Tasma, Tasmania 1900, tends biennial, leave on tree to ripen, not US Dem)
Dumelow’s Seedling C, K (syn Wellington Reinette, Leicestershire pre-1800, good dryer/cooker/jelly)
Fenouillet Gris D (syn Carraway Russet, France 1608)
Forfar Pippin D (Scotland 1851, bad keeper)
Golden Harvey D, Cid (syn Brandy Apple, Hertfordshire 1600s, also used for cider)
Granny Smith DP, K (syn Granny Smith’s Seedling, Eastwood/Sydney 1868)
Isaac Newton’s Tree C (Engl c. 1660, from Newton’s garden, large fruit)
Kid’s Orange Red D (NZ 1924, COP x Gold Del, aromatic)
Laxton’s Superb D (Engl 1897, vigorous, biennial)
London Pippin DP, K (syn Five Crown/Englischer Kalvill, Engl 1580, dryer, great taste, very good cooking, prone to scab/mildew)
Murray Gem D, K (syn Red Granny Smith, South Aus late 1940s)
Mutsu DP (syn Crispin, Japan c 1949, triploid, from Golden Del x Indo)
Newton Wonder DP, K (Hertfordshire pre-1958, very good cooker, good looking)
Nickajack D, K (North Carolina c 1800, good cropper, very good keeper)
Orleans Reinette D (syn Reinette d’Orleans, France 1776)
Pink Lady D, K (Western Australia, modern, low chilling hours, rel Lady Williams/Sundowner)
Rhode Island Greening DP/C (USA 1650, triploid, very good cooker)
Rome Beauty DP/C, K (USA 1848, quite self-fertile, good cooker)
Roundway Magnum Bonum DP (Wiltshire 1864)
Scarlet Nonpareil D, K (Surrey c 1773, good bearer)
Statesman DP, K (Victoria late 1800s, good cropper and pollinator)
Stayman’s Winesap D, K (syn Winesap by error, Kansas 1895, triploid, Winesap is parent)
Stewart’s Seedling DP, K (syn Ballarat, Victoria 1870s, triploid, very good cooker/jelly)
Striped Beefing C (syn Striped Beaufin, Norfolk 1794, good dryer/cooker, good bearer)
Sturmer Pippin D, K (Suffolk 1831, pick as late as possible for full flavour)
Upton Pyne D (Devon 1910, piney-aromatic, large fruit, bears well)
Wandin Glory D (syn Wandin Pride, Vic date unknown, weeping habit, bears well, great taste)
Winter Majetin DP, C, K (Norfolk 1820, good cropper, good cooker)

Very Late (Late May onwards) (8)

Adam’s Pearmain D, K (Engl 1826, tends biennial, clone may have leaf mosaic virus/sterilize secs)
Golden Russet D, C, K, Cid (very old cultivar of unknown origin, great taste, also used for cider)
Grimes Golden DP, K (syn Grime’s Golden Pippin, West Virginia c 1804)
Lady Williams D, K (Western Australia 1968, great cropper, can be on tree in July)
Northern Spy DP, K (syn Spy, USA c 1800, makes good pies)
Rokewood DP, K (syn Bullock’s Seedling, Victoria mid-1800s, good cropper/pollinator, pies/jellies)
Sundowner D (WA modern, low chill, related to Lady W & Pink Lady)
Yates D, K (Georgia USA c 1813, good and regular bearer, great taste)

Plus 3 unknown apple varieties: ‘Shipman’s 1890’ (from Crowe’s in 1996); ‘St Edmund’s’ (from PC field day, however very unlike St Edmund’s Pippin syn St Ed Russet/ Bury St Edmund’s England c. 1870); ‘Luxemburg’ (from Mt Kembla, graft on St Edmund’s, possibly Luxemburg Reinette DP,1860, very late winter harvest, late bearing)
Seedling apples (‘Barbara’s Pippin’; ‘Blue Gum Road Pippin’)


~ by Peter Lach-Newinsky on September 23, 2011.

14 Responses to “120 Heritage Apple Varieties at ‘Gundungurra’, Bundanoon”

  1. Love your apples list and photos. I have an apple I am trying to identify. I think it may be a Rokewood. Do you know if there are any photos of Rokewood apples and also if it is a tip bearer or a spur bearer.

    • Thanks for the comment and query, Jayjay. I’ve sent you an email including photo of a Rokewood apple. Hope that helps. Peter

  2. Anyone know where I could obtain Lady Finger of Lancashire

  3. Do you sell any trees? Interested in Cox’s pippin and Russet

  4. Hey there. My next door neighbour is about to remove what she says is an “original” Wandin Pride due to the sale of her back yard. She’s offered it to me (i’m a keen backyard producer), and I want to have it, but am not sure of the histor of this cultivar. Do you have any insights? Thanks!! Meaghan

    • Hi Meaghan. I’d get that Wandin Pride (syn Wandin Glory), it’s a great, good looking, late harvest dessert apple. As a weeper just needs special pruning away of laterals in the beginning to train it up and along a trellis or pergola. As for history: Clive Winmill just says it stems from Victoria, but of date unknown.

  5. Very nice list, I have very fond childhood memories from Poland, stuffing myself on White Transparents as they were first to appear. And also Golden Rennet late late in the season.

    • Very interesting Michal, thank you. Good to get those childhood memories. Here under our conditions the very early White Transparent is difficult to know exactly when to harvest: too soon and it’s fairly sour or tasteless, too late and it’s too floury. A tricky apple here. Looks good though.


  7. Hi, I am wanting to buy a Willie Sharp apple tree as a present for my brother – our grandfather brought one with him from England (we think) and we loved them growing up! The taste was SO good. Any idea where I might get one? Goodmans are out of stock. Or the seed?
    I live in NSW but could mail order as long as it would last.

    • Hi Katherine. Sorry, don’t know where you could order a Willie Sharp apple tree online (I imagine you have googled and checked all the online nurseries?). Like most other fruit trees, apples are not propagated from seeds but from scions (growth twigs) which are then grafted onto apple rootstock. Seedling trees don’t always or often come true to type. I myself don’t graft onto rootstock to sell. If you can’t find a tree for sale anywhere, you might look into buying some apple rootstock yourself and ask someone who can graft a Willy Sharp scion onto it for you. If you do find someone, I’m willing to send you one or two scions for grafting. (BTW, at least here in the southern highlands I don’t find that our Willie Sharp is really worth propagating: a bit sour or tasteless…Could just be the different conditions to the tree you grew up with…). Cheers, Peter

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